Diet and Hunting Techniques
Cheetahs mainly prey on small to medium sized antelope such as springbok, impala and duiker. However, they also include warthogs, rabbits, birds and the young of larger antelope or wildebeest in their diet.
Cheetahs stalk as close as possible to their prey and initiate the high-speed chase once they are close enough. They trip the prey with their dew claw and then they kill it with a stranglehold to the neck. Once the prey is dead the cheetah needs to start eating very quickly, as the other predators in the area will soon arrive and chase the cheetah off. Cheetahs never return to a kill and only eat fresh meat, they also never scavenge, so if they can't capture and kill their own prey because they are sick or injured, they will starve to death. They also obtain most of their moisture from their kills.
Cheetahs don't like fatty meat and prefer not to eat livestock. However farm land can often form part of their territory and because they are active during the day they are often seen on farmer's land, putting them in danger of being shot, trapped or poisoned.